It is important to note that determining the top 10 breakthroughs in science and technology globally for any given year is subjective, as it depends on various factors and perspectives. However, here is a list of ten notable breakthroughs and advancements from 2021:
1. COVID-19 Vaccines: The development and successful deployment of multiple COVID-19 vaccines within record time, providing hope in controlling the global pandemic.
2. mRNA Technology: The success of messenger RNA (mRNA) technology in vaccines, paving the way for potential breakthroughs in future vaccine development.
3. Quantum Computing: Achievements in quantum computing, such as Google’s demonstration of “quantum supremacy” and IBM’s advances in quantum processors.
4. Mars Perseverance Rover: The successful landing and subsequent activities of NASA’s Perseverance rover on Mars, including collecting rock samples and searching for signs of past microbial life.
5. CRISPR-based Gene Editing: Continued advancements in CRISPR gene-editing technology, enabling precise editing of genes and potentially revolutionizing healthcare treatments.
6. Electric Vehicle Advancements: The rapid progress in electric vehicle technology, with several major automobile manufacturers introducing new models and extending electric range capabilities.
7. Deepfake Detection: Improved techniques and algorithms for detecting deepfake images and videos, addressing the growing concern over manipulated content.
8. Neuralink Progress: Advances by Elon Musk’s Neuralink in brain-machine interface technology, aiming to develop implantable devices that can restore or enhance brain functions.
9. Sustainable Energy Innovations: Developments in renewable energy sources, including improved solar panels, wind turbines, and energy storage technologies.
10. Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: The integration of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms in healthcare systems to enhance diagnosis, treatment, and patient care.
It is crucial to recognize that this list of breakthroughs is not exhaustive or definitive, as numerous other significant advancements have occurred across various fields in science and technology in 2021.